THE FACTS What is Meningococcal? Meningococcal is an acute bacterial infection that can cause death within hours if not recognised and treated in time. There are two types, meningitis (affecting the brain and spinal cord or the more deadly form of the disease, septicaemia (affecting the blood). Symptoms and treatment. Meningococcal disease is a medical emergency. It can kill within hours, so early diagnosis and treatment is vital. Do not wait for the purple rash to appear as that is a critical stage of the disease. Be aware there are two different sets of symptoms, depending on whether it takes the form of meningitis or septicaemia (blood poisoning). A high fever is usually one of the symptoms. For more information visit ]]>